How to cure toothache – Know the common ways

What is Toothache? 

The pain originating from the tooth directly or the soft tissues like gums around the tooth is known as toothache. The pain can be dull or severe in nature and can be spontaneous or throbbing pain. There are several causes of toothache and it is important to understand the root cause of the problem before planning the treatment. If you are wondering how to cure toothache, then read the information provided below as we briefly discuss the causes and the cure of tooth pain- brought to you by Bangalore Dental Specialists.

Causes of Toothache  

Sensitive tooth

The teeth comprise three layers: the hardest enamel and the outermost covering. As people age, the enamel wears off, exposing the underneath layers and leading to tooth sensitivity and pain.

Tooth Decay

The innermost layer is exposed as the tooth is damaged extensively. The plaque accumulation on the teeth surface attracts bacteria that produces acid which dissolves the tooth surface

Teeth grinding

Teeth clenching or bruxism is another major cause of damage to the outer layers of teeth. Due to excess pressure, the enamel wears off, and the teeth become painful while eating.

Wisdom tooth pain

Wisdom tooth pain is common in young individuals. The average age of eruption is 18-23 yrs. The impacted third molar becomes painful when it erupts in an unusual direction or erupts partially due to insufficient space.

Symptoms of toothache  

  • Sharp and shooting pain
  • Pain or tenderness  
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold food items
  • Swelling around the tooth
  • Spontaneous pain
  • Systemic symptoms like fever

Toothache Treatment- How to cure toothache

Root canal treatment

Root canal treatment, or RCT, is the most common treatment for pain relief and tooth preservation. It involves removing the infected layers of the tooth and filling them with a biocompatible material to prevent reinfection. This is an entirely painless method of saving the tooth from extraction. 

Desensitizing therapy

Sensitivity treatment provided under the supervision of a dentist works best compared to other home remedies. The desensitizing paste is applied to the affected areas and cured using light curing. This forms a barrier layer that cures tooth pain. 

Wisdom tooth removal

The wisdom tooth becomes problematic when the pain becomes chronic or recurrent. This usually happens when the tooth is partially erupted or erupts in a different position. The angulation of the tooth affects the adjacent tooth and can damage it. Wisdom tooth removal is indicated in such cases. It is a painless way of removing the tooth under local anesthesia. 

Quick ways to relieve pain – How to cure toothache

When you seek help, specific home remedies can help you alleviate pain effectively. These home remedies do not guarantee a hundred percent relief, but they can ensure comfort until you get your dentist’s necessary treatment.

Salt and water rinses

Saltwater rinses are the most accessible home remedy for dental pain. For better results, use lukewarm water with a pinch of salt.

Cold compression

Cold compression or an ice pack is an effective way of relieving pain. The cold application leads to vasoconstriction, which is the narrowing of the blood vessels, leading to numbness and reduced inflammation of the concerned area.

Pain killers

Over-the-counter medicines you generally use for any kind of body pain can temporarily relieve dental pain.


Clove contains a compound called eugenol, which has anesthetic properties. You can soak cotton in clove oil and apply it to the affected area. The natural anti-inflammatory properties of clove will help you ease a bit.

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